Rain water harvesting guidelines for housing societies and residential spaces in Bangalore vary largely from those in other cities in terms of implementation. In 2009, the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board enforced RWH implementation in certain areas of city and these guidelines were introduced.
RWH Guidelines in Bangalore City
- The occupier (tenant) or the owner of a particular building (which stands on more than 2400 square feet area), or every owner who proposes to erect a building on an area of 1200 square feet or more, should construct a rainwater harvesting structure.
- The volume for recharge or storage of rain water should be a minimum of 20 liters per square meter and 10 liters per square meter on the non-roof area of the site.
- Bore-wells can be recharged by using the necessary catchment management systems and fillers in the rain water harvesting setup.
- Rainwater that’s collected from the roof should not be sent to a live bore-well, even if it’s taken through a filter.
- The rainwater should be sent to a separate open well near the bore-well. The water from the open well can be fed into the bore-well if it reaches very low capacity.
- Filters should be mandatorily used, although the type of filter can vary depending on the owner’s preference.
If a residential complex or a standalone house does not have a rain water harvesting system that’s been government approved, then the drinking water supply to that particular house will normally be cut till the specified changes are made. This was introduced by the government when it was noted that many residents weren’t following the specified deadline.
As of 2009, the Government identified about 58,000 buildings where RWH systems had to be installed mandatorily.
Tips for Installing Rain Water Harvesting System
Following the RWH guidelines won’t be difficult for a residential building or a housing society in Bangalore if it meets some basic requirements. The first and foremost requirement is to have a sump tank to preserve water.
Also, every building should have an installed pipeline to redirect rain water from the catchment area to the tank. A facility to clean the catchment area should also be present in every building to avoid bacterial growth, which can contaminate the water and affect the residents.
- For installing the system, the managing committee can avail the services of a rainwater harvesting expert who will be able to set up a working model.
- The rooftop area in the housing society or any open ground area can serve as the catchment region. Ensure that both these areas are wide enough to hold a tank.
- Ensure that the roof top area is continuously cleaned by the maintenance team to avoid bacterial growth.
Setting up an RWH system can provide a secondary source of water for all members of the housing society and make it a decidedly green zone. It can also help in preventing water logging and effectively remove the problem of stagnant water in the terrace and other areas.
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