Land patta is a legal document that states that the person in whose name it is registered is the owner of the land. The revenue record is maintained at the office of the concerned Tahsildar, and is issued by the Registrar of land holdings. A patta signifies the lawful possession of the land, and is therefore an essential document required property transactions.
How To Obtain A Land Patta?
Application in the form of a simple requisition to issue the patta has to be made to the concerned Tahsildar, along with necessary documents and relevant details. If the officer concerned feels that additional details are required, he or she may ask the applicant to provide those details in a particular format. Additionally, an enquiry or survey may be conducted before granting the patta.
Why Is It Necessary?
Patta establishes the lawful ownership and possession of a property. In case of disputes between the government and a land holder, or a third party and a land holder, the patta acts as a safeguard for the interests of the legal owners in whose name it is issued.
Further, in case the government acquires the land, the patta holder receive a compensation as he or she holds the first right over that property.
Patta also bears important details regarding the extent of the property and its measurements.
Should My Property Have A Patta?
Properties with buildings or structures clearly demonstrate their physical occupation and possession. In case of empty plots or vacant lands, a patta is the main document that establishes legal ownership and possession. In either case, an owner of a landed property must ensure that he or she possesses the required patta for the land.
Should My Apartment Have A Patta?
Patta is a legal document pertaining to land and not buildings, though it may include details about buildings on the land. In case of apartments, the land is generally registered in the names of co-owners who own the land as undivided shares. Patta is not issued for undivided shares of land. It is however possible to get the patta in the names of the co-owners jointly, but the patta will not specify the shares of the individual owners.
When Can A Patta Be Transferred?
Pattas are normally transferred in instances of sale of property, gift, or death of the patta holder(s).
In the case of death of the owner, the legal heirs of the deceased person are entitled to transfer the land patta in their names. If the deceased has left a will, the patta can be transferred to the beneficiary, provided that the immediate heirs of the deceased person do not object.
A patta is one of the most important legal documents pertaining to land. Make sure that your patta papers are in order to ensure that you don’t face any hassles or complications when conducting any land related transactions.
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